Animal Farm, published in 1945, is a satirical novel by British novelist and essayist George Orwell (1903-1950), pseud. of Eric Arthur Blair. Orwell is best known for Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). As a socialist, he was a keen critic of imperialism, fascism, Stalinism, and capitalism. His works are concerned with the sociopolitical conditions of his time.
Animal Farm, with great critical and popular success, is a witty, satirical allegory about the failure of Soviet totalitarianism. Some events in the book are based on events from the Soviet Union during the Stalin era.
This novel is ostensibly about a group of animals who oust the humans from the farm and run it themselves, only to have it corrupted into a brutal tyranny on its own. This idea of a revolution betraying its supposed aims is a chief issue of Animal Farm.
No animal must ever tyrannise over his own kind. Weak or strong, clever or simple, we are all brothers. No animal must ever kill any other animal. All animals are equal.
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
《動物農莊》是喬治．歐威爾（George Orwell, 1903-1950）最受歡迎的小說，也是政治諷刺小說的世界文學經典之作。故事中有幽默、溫馨的筆觸，卻赤裸裸地揭露冷漠而殘酷的極權主義。作者才華洋溢，充滿創意，另一方面別具洞見，對人性與政治有極精彩卻殘酷的洞察與描繪。這本書首度出版問世後，便佳評如潮，奠定了歐威爾在世界文壇的地位。